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Conversation: 553-003

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Start Date: Monday, August 2, 1971 1:20 PM

End Date: Monday, August 2, 1971 1:50 PM

Participants:

Nixon, Richard M. (President)Kissinger, Henry A.[Unknown person(s)]White House operatorShultz, George P.

Recording Device: Oval Office

Full Tape Conversation Start Time: 00:13:18

Full Tape Conversation End Time: 00:45:17

553a.mp3

553b.mp3

553c.mp3

NARA Description:

On August 2, 1971, President Richard M. Nixon, Henry A. Kissinger, unknown person(s), White House operator, and George P. Shultz met in the Oval Office of the White House from 9:20 am to 9:50 am. The Oval Office taping system captured this recording, which is known as Conversation 553-003 of the White House Tapes.

Nixon Library Finding Aid:

Conversation No. 553-3

Date: August 2, 1971
Time: 9:20 am - 9:50 am
Location: Oval Office

The President met with Henry A. Kissinger.

     US Foreign Policy
         -People's Republic of China [PRC]
               -United Nations [UN] representation
                     -Kissinger's talk with William P. Rogers
                     -Announcement
                          -Taiwan, Republic of China
                                -Response
                     -Marshall Green's memorandum
                          -PRC United Nations [UN] membership
                          -Chiang Kai-shek
                          -Green
                          -Proposed letter to Taiwan
                          -Rogers
                                -Aide memoirs
                     -US statement
                          -US letter to Taiwan
                          -Policy
                                -Taiwan’s view
                          -Probable UN vote count
                                -PRC
                                -Taiwan
                          -UN Security Council
                                -PRC
                                       -Green
                                -Majority vote
                                -Taiwan
                     -PRC
                          -Green
                     -Kissinger's conversation with Chou En-lai
                          -PRC propaganda
                                -US press
                                            3

                        NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                    Tape Subject Log
                                      (rev. 10/06)
                                                             Conv. No. 553-3 (cont.)


**********************************************************************

BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1
[National Security]
[Duration: 59s ]


    PRC


END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 1

**********************************************************************


                   -Announcement
              -Forthcoming trip by President to PRC
                   -Democrats
                   -Sequence of events
                         -Timing
                                -Tricia Nixon Cox
                                -Warsaw
              -James B. (“Scotty”) Reston's article
              -Chou En-lai's comments to Kissinger
              -Possible press conference by President
                   -Conditions for trip
              -Kissinger's forthcoming trip
                   -Communique
              -Le Duc Tho

    Vietnam War
         -Le Duc Tho
              -Possible meeting with Kissinger
         -Possible US action
              -Adm. Thomas H. Moorer
                    -Demilitarized zone [DMZ]
         -Negotiations
                                          4

                     NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                 Tape Subject Log
                                   (rev. 10/06)
                                                                   Conv. No. 553-3 (cont.)


US press
     -Views
          -President’s forthcoming trip to PRC
          -Soviet Union
          -President
          -PRC visit
                -Henry Brandon
                -Reston
          -President
          -Vietnam
          -Strategic Arms Limitation Talks [SALT]

Vietnam
     -Negotiations
         -Le Duc Tho
                -Talks with Maurice Schumann
                     -Meeting with Kissinger
                     -Defensiveness
                     -Nguyen Van Thieu

PRC
      -US announcement
           -Possible reaction
                 -Impact on PRC trip
           -Kissinger's conversation with Chou En-lai
                 -Press
                 -US announcement
                       -Impact on PRC trip
           -William F. (“Billy”) Graham's call to Kissinger
                 -Graham's Father-in-law
                       -Howard Pugh [?]
                 -Forthcoming briefing by Kissinger
                       -Participants
                             -Conservatives
                             -Graham, Hobart D. (“Hobe”) Lewis, Jeff Hart (?), William S.
                                  White
           -Conservatives
                 -UN admission for PRC
                       -White
                       -William F. Buckley
                                            5

                         NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                    Tape Subject Log
                                      (rev. 10/06)
                                                                    Conv. No. 553-3 (cont.)


An unknown person entered at an unknown time between 9:20 am and 9:42 am.

     Unknown activity

The unknown person left at an unknown time between 9:20 am and 9:42 am.

                                -Taiwan
                                -Peking
                          -Hard line
                                -Consequences
                          -Position on defense spending
                                -Buckley
                                -Michael J. Mansfield
                                -Anti-ballistic Missiles [ABM]
                                -Spending cuts
                                -Buckley
                                -Kissinger's talk
                                -Liberals
                                -Soviet Union
                                -Congress
                                     -Defense budget
                                            -Melvin R. Laird
                          -View of Ronald W. Reagan and Barry M. Goldwater
                          -Kissinger's forthcoming talk with White
                                -Cambodia
                                -Laos
                                -ABM
                                -Jordan
                          -Brandon book on foreign policy
                                -Administration response
                                     -Jordan
                          -Kissinger’s forthcoming briefing
                                -SALT
                                -PRC
                                -Vietnam War
                                     -Analogy to Korean War
                                            -Dwight D. Eisenhower
                                                  -Threat
                                     -News
                                     -PRC
                                            -Hanoi
                                               6

                            NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                       Tape Subject Log
                                         (rev. 10/06)
                                                                     Conv. No. 553-3 (cont.)



     Kissinger's forthcoming meeting with PRC
          -Issues
                -Renunciation of force
                -Appointment of special emissary

The President talked with the White House operator at an unknown time between 9:20 am and
9:42 am.

[Conversation No. 553-3A]

[See Conversation No. 7-41]

[End of telephone conversation]

     PRC
           Kissinger’s forthcoming meeting with PRC
                -Special emissary
                      David K.E. Bruce

The President talked with Shultz between 9:42 am and 9:45 am.

[Conversation No. 553-3B]

[See Conversation No. 7-42]

[End of telephone conversation]

     US foreign policy
          -Issues
                -PRC
                -SALT
                -Berlin
                -Middle East
                -Refugees
                      -Pakistan
                      -India
                            -"The Beatles" fundraising efforts
                      -India
                            -US economic aid
                                 -Refugees
                                                 7

                             NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                        Tape Subject Log
                                          (rev. 10/06)
                                                                    Conv. No. 553-3 (cont.)


                       -Pakistan
                             -US food aid
                                   -Distribution
                                         -UN
                                               -Experts
                                         -Maurice J. Williams
                                         -India
                             -President's talk with Rogers
                                   -Kenneth B. Keating
                             -PRC
                             -Possible conflict with India
                       -East Bengal
                             -Possible status
                                   -Autonomy
                                         -Timing
                             -India
                             -Famine
                                   -Refugees
                                         -Relationship to peace
                       -India
                             -Possible military action
                                   -US aid
                                         -State department
                                               -Joseph J. Sisco
                                               -Philip H. Trezise
                                                     -PRC trip

     Conference, August 4, 1971
          -India and Pakistan
          -PRC
          -India and Pakistan

Kissinger left at 9:50 am.